From about the middle of the seventh century the term no longer designated all of southern Italy (q.v.), but only the peninsula (Bruttium in antiquity) that forms the toe of the Italian "boot," separated from Sicily by the Strait of Messina (qq.v.). After the Arab conquest of Sicily in 902, Calabria was reorganized into a theme (q.v.), which continued to be threatened by Arabs and Lombards (qq.v.) in the 10th and 11th centuries. Norman (q.v.) expansion in southern Italy resulted in the conquest of Calabria by 1059. Norman suppression of the Greek rite in Calabria and Apulia (q.v.) was closely intertwined with the schism between the churches in 1054.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Calabria — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Regione Calabria Región de  Italia Archivo:Calabria Bandiera.png Escudo de Calabria …   Wikipedia Español

  • CALABRIA — CALABRIA, region in Southern Italy. Medieval Jewish chronicles attribute the beginnings of Jewish settlement in Calabria to Jewish captives exiled by Titus after the destruction of the Temple in 70 C.E. However there is no definite evidence of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CALABRIA — vulgo Terre de Labeur, olim Magna Graecia, Pythagorâ Philosophorum primô insignis insula, quam veteres Mesaptam a Duce Mesapo, Peucetiam a Peucetio Oenotri fratre dixêre. Ea ἀπὶ τȏὐ καλὸς, et βρίθω, quoniam sit regio onerosa, et plena omni genere …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Calabria — (la antigua Bruttium romana), es una región del sur de Italia. Está dividida en 5 provincias, tres de ellas históricas (Reggio di Calabria, Cosenza y Catanzaro) y dos recientes (Crotona y Vibo Valentia). La capital de Calabria es Catanzaro (que… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Calabria — bezeichnet: auf italienisch die Region Kalabrien in der Antike das Gebiet der Halbinsel Salento, den Absatz des italienischen Stiefels Calabria ist außerdem der Familienname folgender Personen: Fulco Ruffo di Calabria (1884–1946), italienischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Calabrĭa — Calabrĭa, s. Kalabrien. C. citeriore, C. ulteriore I und II, früherer Name der ital. Provinzen Cosenza, Reggio di Calabria und Catanzaro …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Calabria — Calabria,   italienischer Name von Kalabrien …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Calabria — [kə lā′brē ə; ] It [ kä lä′bryä] 1. region occupying the southernmost part of the peninsula of Italy, opposite Sicily: 5,822 sq mi (15,079 sq km); pop. 2,070,000 2. former region (until 11th cent.) constituting what is now S Apulia, in SE Italy… …   English World dictionary

  • Calabria — Infobox Region of Italy name = Calabria fullname = Regione Calabria isocode = | capital = Catanzaro status = Region governor = Agazio Loiero ( Democratic Party ) zone = Southern Italy province = 5 municipality = 409 arearank = 10th area = 15,081… …   Wikipedia

  • Calabria — Calabrian, n., adj. /keuh lay bree euh/; It. /kah lah brddyah/, n. 1. a region in S Italy. 2,048,901. 5828 sq. mi. (15,100 sq. km). Cap.: Reggio Calabria. 2. an ancient district at the extreme SE part of the Italian peninsula. * * * Region (pop …   Universalium

  • Calabria — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Calabria est le nom italien de la région de Calabre en Italie méridionale. Calabria est un patronyme (cf. Calabria (patronyme)  ) …   Wikipédia en Français

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